What is HRM? Difference Between HRM and HRD

HRM là gì? Sự khác biệt giữa HRM và HRD

The field of human resource (HR) management has many terms that many people do not really understand. There are two commonly mentioned terms, HRM and HRD. To help you better understand this area, Ms. Uptalent will learn with you HRM and HRD. Stay tuned for more useful information.

1- Learn more about human resources
2- Compare HRM and HRD

2.1. What is HRM?
2.2. What is the HRD?
2.3. Difference Between HRM and HRD

3- The role of HRM
4- Top 5 HRM software
5. Closing

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1- Learn a bit about the HR sector

HOUR stands for Human Resources, which means human resources. This term is used to refer to employees of a company or those who specialize in jobs related to human resource management.

In companies, RH is also the name of the human resources department. The main responsibility of this department is to manage the activities related to human resources of the company. Concretely, HR will have to plan recruitment and deploy appropriate policies to maintain the stability of human resources. At the same time, the HR department should also have a plan to nurture and develop the capabilities of each individual and department to ensure peak job performance.

What is HR interpreting?>>>> Find out more: What is HR? All about human resources

As you learn about HR, you will find that HR professionals often work in the following jobs:

– Carry out recruitment activities, search for candidates, screen CVs, plan interviews, prepare procedures related to the probationary process,…

– Draft employment contracts, implement procedures and documents related to social insurance, remuneration and provident schemes for company employees.

– Plan training, coaching and propose appropriate compensation policies to encourage staff morale and retain talent.

– Monitor and evaluate the work results of employees and, based on these evaluation results, propose a reasonable salary increase or staff rotation.

Interesting professions

2- Compare HRD and HRM

HR is quite a broad field. When you spend time learning what HR is, you will realize that there are two very important concepts: HRD and HRM. So, what is HRD and HRM?

2.1. What is HRM?

HRM stands for the term “Human Resource Management”, which refers to the management of human resources. Furthermore, HRM can also be understood as human resources manager – a managerial position in the human resources sector. However, in this article, we only learn about HRM in the sense of human resource management.

In HRM, you can understand it as a system of activities related to the management of human resources in the work environment in order to bring the best business performance to the company.

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Through recruitment, training, development, performance appraisal, promotion, retention, political assurance, benefits and relationship management, HRM can leverage the strengths of its human resources and improve the productivity of the whole company.

The objective of HRM is to create, develop, use and maintain labor resources to meet the production and business needs of enterprises. Therefore, companies will apply different measures to influence employee relations to maximize the potential of human resources and ensure smooth and smooth operation.

Until now, HRM has always been considered an important step in the creation, maintenance and development of a business. At the same time, it is also an important factor contributing to the implementation of the general objectives of the company.

Human resources management plays an increasingly important role in the future of a company. By unifying human resource management strategies with the general development strategy, companies will achieve outstanding results in the market.

Most companies are well aware that people are the key to creating a strong competitive advantage. They therefore see HRM as a tool but also as an objective to be achieved in order to maintain and develop the company in a stable manner.

Moreover, in the face of fierce competition and increasing worker skills, the role of human resource management is increasingly emphasized. At that time, factors such as the brainpower, knowledge and experience of the workforce will become competitive advantages for companies. At the same time, it is also a challenge that managers must take up. They will have to create a favorable environment and conditions for staff to promote their talents and develop.

2.2. What is the HRD?

HRD is the acronym for the expression “Human Resources Development”, which translates to human resources development.

You can easily understand that the HRD brings together all the training and support activities for employees. The purpose of these activities is to equip employees with the knowledge and skills necessary to work more effectively and to help them have opportunities for promotion in the future.

Normally, HRD activities should be developed and implemented according to a certain schedule, which can be periodic or according to business needs.

At the same time, an HRD program can be short term or last several years. It also depends on each company’s training and development goals and plans.

HRD is generally organized in two forms: formal and informal. As following:

+ The formal HRD includes: vocational training courses, university-level training, planned renovation of companies, recruitment of experts in employee training.

+ Unofficial HRD includes: Trained by management, collaborated with well-trained colleagues, supervised by more experienced employees.

New employees often undergo formal training in a short time to quickly get used to their work. They will then continue to be trained by their manager.

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With long-serving employees with good abilities, companies often create the conditions for them to participate in intensive programs aimed at honing their management, strategy and other necessary skills. These employees are often good candidates for leadership positions within the company. Companies therefore always give them a big favor in terms of training.

2.3. Difference Between HRD and HRM in Human Resource Industry

Basically, HRD and HRM are two important aspects in the field of HR. However, they are completely different in terms of roles and purposes. This is clearly seen through the following points:

+ First of all, HRM focuses on the allocation and management of the company’s human resources. On the other hand, HRD focuses on developing and improving the potential of human resources.

+ Second, HRM belongs to the administration block. While HRD is only a branch of HRM.

+ Tuesday, HRM has a reactive function, focusing on resolving emerging requirements. On the other hand, the HR department has a proactive function, oriented towards meeting needs and anticipating changes related to human resources.

+ Wednesday, HRM is a regularly performed process and is an administrative function. Meanwhile, HRD is an ongoing process.

+ Thursday, HRM focuses on implementing the goal of improving staff work efficiency. On the other hand, HRD aims to develop the skills, knowledge and abilities of each employee and the company as a whole.

+ Friday, HRM includes many distinct roles and therefore becomes a stand-alone function. On the other hand, HRD is only an organized and oriented process. In other words, HRD is a sub-system within a larger system than HRM.

+ Saturday, HRM focuses only on people management. At the same time, HRD is also interested in the development of the whole company.

4- HRM software

Currently, with the need to optimize the recruitment process, the human resource management process, many software for managing activities related to personality management for organizations or companies have been born.
Human resource management software has the following main roles and functions:

– Management of personal information:
– Staff recruitment
– Staff training and development
– Manage staff performance
– Manage information on salary, benefits, days off, leave, events arising,…
– Analysis of the beginning and end of the period.

5. Closing

In summary, HRM and HRD are different in that HRM is related to human resource management and HRD is related to the capacity development of employees. We can see that HRM is a broader concept than HRD. This includes a variety of activities such as planning, developing, monitoring, maintaining, evaluating and managing relationships. Meanwhile, the HRD only focuses on development activities, such as training, career development, talent management, etc.

I hope the information in this article has helped you understand better What is HR? as well as help you see the difference between HRM and HRD clearly. In fact, HRD is not as targeted and mentioned as HRM, but it is still an extremely valuable investment for companies. If you are HR, understanding these two concepts will help you build and develop effective human resources for your business.

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